July 2019 DOI: 10.1007/s41030-019-0095-9
Asthma and allergic rhinitis (AR) are chronic respiratory diseases of a united airway. Poor AR control is a risk factor for uncontrolled asthma. We know that people with AR feel confident in making their own treatment choices with over-the-counter therapies, yet only 16% of purchases were the optimal selection. With the high level of poor asthma control and overuse of over-the-counter, short-acting beta-agonists, we must consider whether poor AR self-management behaviours are extended to asthma management in those with both diseases. This study aims to investigate asthma management from the perspective of the patient with asthma and AR and understand the influences behind their asthma management decisions. Methods
This study utilized a mixed methods approach based on the theoretical and analytical framework of social network theory, including mapping of the asthma network and exploring the roles and influence of those that appear within the network. Results Twenty-two people with asthma and allergic rhinitis participated in this study. General practitioners (GPs), pharmacists and respiratory physicians were the most commonly reported influences behind participants’ asthma management decisions. Although non-healthcare professional (HCP) influences appear within the asthma network, they represented a smaller proportion.
The asthma network of people with AR is dominated by HCP influences. This network is unique and different to other previously published asthma and AR networks. Further research on the impact of AR on asthma management patient behaviour is required.