- Research – Open Access
Asthma is one of the major non-communicable diseases worldwide. The prevalence of asthma has continuously increased over the last five decades, resulting in 235 million people suffering from it. One of the main challenges in asthma control is adherence to pharmaceutical treatment (4) and leads to poor outcome and increases the economic and clinical burden. Non-adherence could be intentional or non-intentional.
To identify the determinants of inhaled steroid adherence among adult asthmatic patients.
The study was done in Jimma university medical center (JUMC) from March–August 22/2018.
Cross-sectional observational study was conducted. Patient assessment was conducted (patient demography, inhalation technique, adherence, and asthma control status). Independent predictors of outcome identified and strength of association between dependent and independent variables determined by using binary logistic regression and statistical significance was considered at p < 0.05. Before computing binary logistic regression analysis, the presence of colinearity between independent factor and model fitness was checked.
One hundred forty patients were included in the analysis. Substantial number of patients 53(37.9, 95%CI: 30–45) were non-adherent. Patient experience of previous adverse drug reaction (p = 0.011), educational status (p = 0.02), patient knowledge status (p = 0.028), previous education (p = 0.0001) and co-morbidity (p = 0.031) were significantly associated with adherence.
The rate of non-adherence to inhalational anti-asthmatics is high and different factors contributed. The health care provider should try to counsel patients about the effect of non-adherence on asthma control. Reassurance concerning adverse drug reactions should be an integral part of patient counseling.